The following paper was published in Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 31(1): 34–51, 2012
Exposure Limits: The underestimation of absorbed cell phone radiation, especially in children
Authors: Om P. Gandhi, L. Lloyd Morgan, Alvaro Augusto de Salles, Yueh-Ying Han, Ronald B. Herberman & Devra Lee Davis
This paper examines how 5G technology can have adverse health impacts, and shows the dangers faced by humans exposed to 5G radiation.
We have shown that children and small adults absorb significantly more cell phone radiation than SAM estimates ("SAM" refers to a plastic model of the head called the Specific Anthropomorphic Mannequin, representing the top 10% of U.S. military recruits in 1989. SAM greatly underestimating the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) for typical mobile phone users, especially children).
Accordingly, contemporary cell phone standards for all of the world’s more than five billion cell phones do not protect the young or the 97% of the population with heads smaller than SAM. Until SAR standards have been revised, Israel (Azoulay and Rinat 2008), Finland (YLE.fi 2010), France (Lean, 2010), India (India eNews, 2008), and the U.K (BBC, 2000) recommend limited use by children, using wired headsets, hands-free kits, texting, and keeping the mobile phone away from the head and from the body to substantially lower exposures with current cell phones.
Governments all over the world should urgently require that industry sell cell phones that work only with headsets (sans speakers and microphones). Then users would have to employ wired or other hands free devices for headphones with the result that the cell phone would be kept away from their heads while talking on cell phones.
The long-term impact of cell phone radiation is a matter that merits major research investment and serious public scrutiny. Anatomically based models should be employed in revising safety standards for these ubiquitous modern devices. Standard setting should not be the province of non-governmental, non-accountable agencies, such as ICNIRP which has been heavily funded by industry, but should be carried out by governmental agencies accountable to the public or by independent experts accountable to governments.